Attention to deficiencies during pregnancy

To develop well during pregnancy, the fetus draws the nutrients he needs from his mother's supply. It can then be deficient in vitamins and minerals. One solution: supplementation.

Even when following a balanced diet, one in three pregnant women is deficient in vitamins and minerals during pregnancy. His iron and vitamin D requirements are doubling and his needs for iodine and vitamin B9, also known as folate or folic acid, are increasing by 30%. And for good reason, the future baby draws directly the nutrients he needs in the reserves of the mother.

Folates, essential for the development of the fetus

  • This vitamin allows expansion of maternal tissue and fetal growth. Folate deficiency can lead to neural tube defects (brain and spinal cord structures) or intrauterine growth restriction.
  • Green vegetables, fruits, nuts, sparkling yeast, eggs or pasteurized cheeses... folates are present in the daily diet. But for the well-being of the child, it is recommended to systematically supplement women as soon as they wish to conceive and to continue this supplementation for 8 weeks after the beginning of the pregnancy.

Other essential nutrients

  • If folate plays an important role during pregnancy, iron (meat, black pudding or pulses), iodine (fish, eggs), vitamin D (oily fish, egg yolk) and DHA (sardine, salmon) also provide the future mother with nutrients essential for his health and that of his baby.

Stéphanie Letellier

Quick, take a look at our Food and Pregnancy file