To develop well during pregnancy, the fetus draws the nutrients he needs from his mother's supply. It can then be deficient in vitamins and minerals. One solution: supplementation.
Even when following a balanced diet, one in three pregnant women is deficient in vitamins and minerals during pregnancy. His iron and vitamin D requirements are doubling and his needs for iodine and vitamin B9, also known as folate or folic acid, are increasing by 30%. And for good reason, the future baby draws directly the nutrients he needs in the reserves of the mother.
Folates, essential for the development of the fetus
- This vitamin allows expansion of maternal tissue and fetal growth. Folate deficiency can lead to neural tube defects (brain and spinal cord structures) or intrauterine growth restriction.
- Green vegetables, fruits, nuts, sparkling yeast, eggs or pasteurized cheeses... folates are present in the daily diet. But for the well-being of the child, it is recommended to systematically supplement women as soon as they wish to conceive and to continue this supplementation for 8 weeks after the beginning of the pregnancy.
Other essential nutrients
- If folate plays an important role during pregnancy, iron (meat, black pudding or pulses), iodine (fish, eggs), vitamin D (oily fish, egg yolk) and DHA (sardine, salmon) also provide the future mother with nutrients essential for his health and that of his baby.
Quick, take a look at our Food and Pregnancy file