So much the knowledge: a baby, it drools, it fishy, it can count and many more amazing things ... To adopt the right attitude to all the surprises that your baby can reserve for you, better to be warned ...
Baby: 10 common points with E.T.
Tell me baby, what are you thinking?
17 amazing things to know about babies (17 pics)
1. A baby, it can have acne
Acne can begin the first days of life and persist for a few weeks. She sits preferably on the cheekbones, sometimes on the forehead and the chin. Newborn boys are more likely to be affected. The culprit: the rate of maternal hormones that gradually decreases in their blood. Clean your baby's face with water and bread soap, rinse and dry. These buttons must never be pierced, otherwise you will trigger a superinfection. Evolution is always benign.
2. A baby, it can be born hairy!
Consternation! At birth your toddler is adorned with a large down, the lanugo, which covers the upper shoulders and back, cheeks and forehead. These unsightly hairs, which provided protection during pregnancy, will fall in the first months, as part of the hair if they are abundant at birth. Girls and boys can present this hairless temporary hair!
3. A baby ... it clings to you right now
You know the fatping? It's the most cracking of reflexes ... Just a few hours, and his delicate little handcuff clings to the daddy's great stare ... No need to try to persuade him that this is a reflex! Specifically, by putting your finger in the palm of your baby, it must cause a closing of the fingers and a grip that can sometimes lift with both hands. This reflex persists until 3 months for the hand. The fatping shows that the need for contact is well inscribed in its genes!
4. A baby, it smiles all alone ... to the angels!
From the reflex, the smile to the angels is a pure delight! Your baby usually has his eyes closed and responds to a solicitation: your voice, the perception of your breath, physical contact ... It is around 6 weeks that he will be able to get you a real smile!
5. A baby, sometimes fishy
Your infant sometimes looks at the tip of his nose? Rest assured, at this age the "squint" is normal: it is due to the immaturity of its eye muscles. The accommodation for binocular vision is done after eight weeks. On the other hand, it must not persist beyond that. An ophthalmological examination is then necessary.
6. A baby, it's a tramp while sleeping!
It is true that it gigolates a lot when sleeping this baby! During his first weeks of life, his sleep includes about 60% restless sleep (which will become, from 2 months, a real paradoxical sleep, animated with dreams like in the adult) during which he moves, squirms, shakes the limbs , his eyes behind his half-closed eyelids and moaning ... So much so that you are tempted to take him in your arms, believing he is in pain somewhere. Especially not ! He's dreaming ! Your intervention would only wake him up and prevent him from getting in the habit of linking up his different phases of sleep. What is he dreaming of? Forms, images, sensations ... Difficult to know more!
7. A baby, it can be born with a tooth
Long before birth, bell-shaped buds take place in each jaw. So it is inconceivable that a small tooth shows very early the end of his enamel. Such was the case of Louis XIV and Napoleon. But this precocity does not bode well for the future growth of the child ... nor for his glorious destiny! If it is a pretemporary tooth, it will fall on its own in the first days, otherwise it will persist until the age of 6 years. And without any embarrassment if you are breastfeeding!
8. A baby, that's holes in the head ...
The baby's skull is made of cartilaginous bones separated from soft sutures. These widen in front by the anterior fontanel (in rhombus) and in the back by the posterior fontanel (small and triangular). These two fontanelles allow some flexibility of the skull during childbirth. The one that will worry you is the big one at the top of the skull. Whenever your baby cries, coughs or screams, the skin that covers it is stretched and bombed. This is normal and, contrary to what you can think, this area is not very fragile. The anterior fontanelle will gradually close in between 8 months and 2 years, whereas the posterior fontanelle usually disappears in 8 weeks.
9. A baby, it drools
Crachotis, little bubbles at the corner of the lip ... you spend your time looking for a soft fabric to dab her mouth! No worries, these inconveniences of the first months are transient. The salivary glands begin to function 8 to 10 weeks after birth. This amount of liquid that your toddler discovers in his mouth surprises him, but he does not have the reflex to swallow it. He lets it flow to the outside! It will take him about a month to acquire the automatism to swallow. From 3 months, he becomes able to "manage" his saliva. Moreover, it only produces it in large quantities at meals, to facilitate the process of digestion. Apart from these peaks, the volume of saliva remains low and your baby swallows it without realizing it!
10. A baby, it has the mania to throw everything on the ground
And wham ! Here is the spoon again on the floor! With this little game of "throw everything", he learns to master the absence. By throwing the object away from him, he creates a distance, an absence that he also feels when you move away from him. It's as if he was taming his anguish. Simultaneously, your child explores the world: a spoon does not produce the same sound as a teddy bear when it falls to the ground. It will not be long to notice that some objects break, bounce ...
11. A baby, it has eyes that change color
The color of the eyes is determined by the pigment cells, or melanocytes, of the iris. These cells produce a brown pigment, melanin, the same pigment that gives color to your child's skin or hair.
At birth, babies often have blue eyes, because their iris is still devoid of melanocytes. Over time, they will produce their pigments and the iris will change color. A thin layer of these cells produces a yellow color. By combining with blue, other colors appear: green, light brown. When there are many melanocytes, the iris appears brown or black.
A general rule: if light eyes often darken, dark eyes do not lighten.
12. A baby sucks all the time
The tip of the ear of his teddy bear, the label of your waistcoat ... Your baby sucks or chews what passes him on hand, most of the day. Already in your belly, your baby had the reflex to suck. This sucking movement has nothing to do with the one used to feed. It is faster and less regular than the nutrient movement. For up to 4-6 months, this non-nutritive sucking is essential because it helps to regulate swallowing and breathing. From 6 months, suck, swallow and breathe will become coordinated and voluntary actions.
13. A baby, it likes red
By the age of 2-3 months, the visual acuity of your toddler reaches 1/10? E. His field of vision still looks like a tunnel, which will gradually widen into a cone. At 2 months, over a distance of 60 cm, this visual field is about 30 °. At 6 months, it will go to 60 °. It is at this time that your baby discovers a passion for all that is colorful. First red and green, then green and yellow. The retina of the infant already has 6 million cones, which make it possible to distinguish the colors, and 100 million rods responsible for the vision in black and white. These nerve cells are still too far apart to play their role effectively. They will be at least one third of their race at the age of 3 and in full at ... 8-10 years old only.
14. At 3 months, a baby ... it's categorical
There are all kinds of cats: gray, black, etc. And yet, this diversity does not destabilize an infant of 3 months. He quickly realized that all belong to one and the same category, that of the tomcats. It has been established by showing babies pairs of cats, each time different from each other, on a screen. Then we showed them a curious pair: a cat with a bird. The children all looked at the bird longer. Minet did not interest them, he was not new: they associated him with the previous images, put him in the same category. Nice feat!
15. A baby can count
Just born, your baby is already sensitive to the quantities. How do we know? If a picture with two points is proposed to a newborn baby several times, he gets used to it and does not express his interest. But if you then show him an image with three points, this is the little spectator who comes alive: he perceived the novelty. Conclusion? He knows how to differentiate between a set of two elements and another of three. But do not expect too much: if you ask him to differentiate between four and six points, he does not know where to turn!
16. A baby, that loves to be in your arms
He really needs it. "Still in your arms, you're going to make a capricious one!" This reflection annoys you? Say it! Because, before 6 months, if you run to take your baby in his arms as soon as he cries and if he spends a lot of time against you, you do not risk to make a tyrant! On the contrary, you help him lay the foundations of his inner security. Your toddler needs to be "content". To comfort and reassure, the most effective solution is your arms. And this close combat with you during his first few months will help him get away from you later. But not too much is needed. Cuddling, all right, but your baby must learn to fall asleep without you.
17. A baby, it's sticking to you
The scene is a classic. Until then your baby went from arm to arm with his cute smile. Around 8 months, fearful of a stranger, your little ostrich nestles his head in your neck. If he could speak, he would ask you: "Who are these people and what do they want from me?" This crisis is the first manifestation of a long series of advances and regressions. He gradually realizes that his body is separated from his mother and discovers the world. The anxiety he feels is manifested by an "attachment crisis" ... How to help? No question of giving up seeing the world, even if it is a little wild. But no question of skimping on cuddles ... Paradoxically, he needs this fight to learn to get away from you!